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Your boat needs galvanic isolation! part 2
4/12/2021

Most boats experience corrosion of some sort, some a lot more than others. Recognizing the need for professional marine techs to better understand what causes corrosion and how to prevent it, boat electrics guru Ed Sherman wrote an article for Marine Electronics Journal focusing on one pesky type of corrosion, galvanic corrosion.

Ed says the best solution for smaller boats is a device called a galvanic isolator and explains how it works and why proper installation is essential. Our goal in presenting the information (which is a bit techy in spots) is not to turn you into an expert but to give some background to help you understand the problem and what can be done about it when talking to a pro.

Last week in part 1, Ed talked about corrosion basics, shore power and isolation transformers.

By Ed Sherman


The galvanic isolator

Enter the galvanic isolator, which is a simple electronic device that utilizes some diodes and a capacitor to effectively block galvanic level currents. Therein lies the only major weakness with these devices, in my view. Galvanic level voltages are quite low, less than approximately 1.5 VDC. So, if for example there is a battery level voltage leak into the boat’s grounding system, the galvanic isolator will only block about 1.5 volts of it. Although rare, this can and does occasionally happen.

The primary cause is a boat owner that uses their bonding system as a DC negative conductor. The appliance will work fine, but every time the device is running the bonding system, which is ultimately connected to the boat’s grounding system, will be conducting 12 volts plus back to the DC power source. Some of that voltage and current will also attempt to go thought the galvanic isolator (all but 1.5 volts) in search of a pathway back to its source. Symptomatically, this will show up as extreme and rapidly occurring corrosion.

Of course, the other major concern over galvanic isolators is the fact that it is installed in series with the all-important safety wire, the green (or green with a yellow stripe) grounding conductor on board the boat. Any failure of the isolator that causes an open circuit will eliminate the ground fault (read shock hazard) protection on the boat. It was due to this worry among ABYC (American Boat & Yacht Council) electrical committee members that led to acceptance of a new generation of isolators with a rating of "failsafe,” which essentially means it cannot fail in an open circuit mode. It may fail to block galvanic level currents, but it will not fail in an open-circuit mode. Things known to cause failure are lightning strikes that may enter any dock wiring network.

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Yacht Sentinel & Fountaine Pajot announce ground-breaking partnership to equip boats with connected boat technologies

London – Yacht Sentinel Ltd, a European company specialised in connected boat technologies since 2008, is pleased to announce that it will equip all new boats built by leading catamaran manufacturer Fountaine Pajot from February 2021 onwards. Sentinel Domotics is a revolutionary solution enabling Fountaine Pajot and its customers to remotely receive any data available on the NMEA network including engine & battery parameters, fluid levels, temperature, humidity & wind data, water depth, speed, GPS coordinates and much more. A smart switch is also available to turn on the NMEA system remotely for a short period when the NMEA system is switched off.
 

Volvo Penta Launches Industry’s First Fully Integrated Assisted Docking System at CES

Gothenburg, Sweden, 11 January 2021 -- Volvo Penta today announced the commercial availability of the industry’s first fully integrated Assisted Docking system against the backdrop of the Consumer Electronics Show (CES). The Assisted Docking system gives the captain better control when docking a boat by automating his or her intentions, compensating for some dynamic variables, such as wind and current, and helping the vessel stay on its intended course. The technology will be on display at Volvo Penta’s virtual booth at CES from 11-14 January 2021.
 

VESPER MARINE CORTEX IS GETTING SMARTER

Today we announce new features for existing and new Cortex owners with the upcoming release of an automatic software update – version 1.5

Designed to be future-proof, Cortex is built on a feature-rich and extremely powerful platform that will grow with new capabilities. Software updates are installed via the Cortex Onboard app and the latest version includes Directional Voice Alerts, Boat Network, Auto Orientation and an easy-to-use Setup Walkthrough.

"When we created Cortex, we didn’t hold back,” said Brady Cox, CEO, Vesper Marine. "It was designed and built with the future in mind. We not only made Cortex as advanced as possible; we also ensured it could learn and has the hardware required for new features. Cortex is years ahead of other marine VHF’s and will only get more clever.”